Tag Archives: 330 IR Infantry Regiment

E Company 330th IR HQ Positions During Normandy Campaign July 1944

I recently had a very nice note from someone whose father was in E Co 330 IR during July and August, 1944.  So I thought, I don’t necessarily have to go from A to M, 329 to 331.  So here is E Co. 330 IR, July, 1944.

I had an pleasantly different problem here with E Co. 330 IR. Whoever was doing the Morning Reports took full and ample advantage of the Record of Events.  I had trouble making it all fit without cluttering up the map.  Not sure I succeeded, but you have to appreciate the recorder’s willingness to take the time to do good Records of Events.

I only have doubts about a couple of entries.  14 July says they “marched 2 miles toward the front-line”, but then the night’s position is neither 2 miles away nor necessarily toward the front, at least not what we might think of as the front with our vision of the operation.  But doesn’t mean they didn’t move toward the fighting.  Later with all the companies mapped out, maybe it will make more sense.

Then for 19 July, the report says “moved back one (1) mile”, and while it really was an actual good mile, it wasn’t “back” by our perspective, but forward; which might explain why they were disappointed to be receiving more artillery fire instead of less.

By the way, anyone can feel free to point out typos, misspellings, etc. Such thing’s never have been a strong point.

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1945

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1944

15 July 1944, 330 Infantry Regiment, Objectives for 1st and 3rd Battalions

Ya, I know, big delays.  Sorry. We’ve been on the move again and with threats of having to move the big tent. Fortunately, for now, the big tent stays put, otherwise I’d be out of touch for a lot longer.

Here we have the first of two overlays for 15 July.  I had thought this one was the last, but I see that there is one more that I had thought was just a detail from this one, but I see it has new information, so we’ll be doing it as well.

This covers the day’s objectives for 1st and 3rd battalions; 2nd is detached and back around Sainteny. The 33o IR has been attached to 9 ID.  We can see this was what was being set up on 14 July. We are a good deal to the south and east, essentially swinging around to the rear of the le Port–le Isle / Tribehou causeway; good news for the 330th. As you can see, we are way off the map again; but all 330 IR information is on-map, so I think I’ll leave it be. Really, guys, the work it takes to geo-reference another sheet and, more importantly, stitch it to this one, isn’t worth our immediate needs.

Now, having circumvented one marsh, the 1st & 3rd Bns, 330 IR, had to cross another—thankfully smaller—along the le Lozon river, attacking toward Remilly-Sur-Lozon on one of those peninsulas formed by the flooded wet lands of Normandy. The circular areas labeled P, Q, O, S, & T are 330 Bn objectives with R1 being the immediate objective for 3 Bn and R1 for 1 Bn. The 60th IR, 9 ID, would be on their left with objectives being M, H, & N.

To orient yourself, Tribehou, which we’ve seen before being in the lower right-hand corner of some of the overlays, is now in the upper right-hand corner of this one. La Varde, which we’ve also mentioned before, is in the upper left-hand corner. Remilly-sur-Lozon is more or less right in the middle, inside the “O” objective.

15 July 1944, 330 IR, 1 & 3 Bns Objectives

15 July 1944, 330 Infantry Regiment, Objectives for 1st and 3rd Battalions

12 July 1944 330 IR Plans for the day & then with intelligence?

Right.  It’s been awhile.  I have 2 overlays, the last 2, from 12 July 1944. They are related on each other, but which is the original and which is the continuation, I’m not sure.  Only one is marked as part of the Journal. And there are things on the first that aren’t on the second (the order being as they appear in this blog), and I wasn’t aware these things could be erased.

Still, very interesting stuff. We have the 3 Bn patrol area we saw before, but now we have 1 Bn and 2 Bn planed advances and in the second overlay the expected resistance.  Doesn’t get much better than that in terms of amount of information supplied. These probably shouldn’t have come at the end of the 12 July series, but for now here they are.

 

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

 

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 2

12 July 330rd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion, Patrol Area

Still on 12th of July, 1944.  This overlay obviously was made early morning since it seems to be a planning document for the 3rd Bn, 330 IR to patrol the left flank of the regiment—and division, actually.  This one took me awhile to decide how to do since Lt. Notbohn decided to use more colors than I’d anticipated when I set out my methodology for transforming these overlays. Then the road net trace and the terrain trace just wouldn’t line up and in the end I decided that had to be because they weren’t drawn lining up; after all lining things up wasn’t really necessary for the guys making these overlays as long as the intent was clear.

12 July 1944 Patrols for 3rd Bn mopping up

12 July 1944 Patrols for 3rd Bn mopping up

12 July 330 Infantry Regiment Outpost Plan

Still on 12 July, I assume end of day, we have a regimental plan for outposts on the 83rd’s side of the Taute River and marsh. This would seem to indicate a pretty good advance on the 12th then.  We will see once we get to the various reports.  What this shows is that the 330th IR is occupying a line on the north side of the marsh anchored from the south to the north-east from Le Moulin through Le Port and St. Andre de Bohon to Manior. Across the marsh (and the river Taute) were two causeways; one from Le Moulin to La Varde, and one from Le Port to Tribehou.  The next battle would be to get across these.

12 July 1944 330 Infantry Regiment 83 Infantry Division Outpost Plan

12 July 1944 330 IR 83 ID Outpost Plan

12 July 1944, 10:00; 330 IR , I Co; 331 IR, A Co, B Co, C Co.

First overlay for 12 July has more to do with the 331st Infantry Regiment; I’m thinking it was in with the papers for the 330th Infantry Regiment because it also locates the 331st, I Company.  I am assuming A Co, B Co, and C Co are from the 331st because there is a flag for the 1st Bn, 331 IR, on the map and the regiment number close to the area of the companies looks more like it would be 331 than 330 (I can’t really decipher the last number, but it does not seem to be a zero). But also, the 1st Bn, 330th regiment companies were much further to the south-east just the day before. Again, it will be clearer once I start integrating information from the various reports (I hope).

 

12 July 1944, 10:00: 330 IR , I Co; 331 IR, A Co, B Co, C Co.

12 July 1944, 330 IR , I Co; 331 IR, A Co, B Co, C Co.

11 July 1944, 330 IR Tank Hunting Zones

The last overlay we have for the 11th of July is a record of German tanks (and one assault gun) destroyed by infantry.  Destroying 7 tanks in one day (and one the day before) would be quite a slaughter actually.  Obviously by the 12th of July the US infantry in the 330 IR had figured something out. It will be interesting to get to the reports on this day. Many of the tanks seem to be behind what was the operating lines defined in the previous overlays for the day.  It would seem to have been a major German counter attack on the 11th?  We’ll find out.

11 July 1944, 330 IR Tanks Destroyed

11 July 1944, 330 IR Tanks Destroyed

11 July 1944, 330 IR Positions and Objectives at 1700 and 2100

We have 2 overlays for July 11th for the 330th’s struggle to clear the Germans from the bridgehead at le Port.  I’ve left out some of the coordinate markers so I could “zoom in” closer for the PNG.  Again, orient yourself on the campaign map using Saint Andre de Bohon and le Moulin.

I assume the 1700 overlay is where the 330th started

330 Infantry Battalion, 83rd Infantry Division, 17:00 Hours, July 11, 1944

330 Bn, 1700, 11 July, 1944

 

While the 2100 overlay marks how far they got. We’ll know more once I start incorporating the data from the various reports.

330 Infantry Battalion, 83rd Infantry Division, 21:00 hours, July 11, 1944

330 Bn, 2100, 11 July, 1944

Combining the 5 July1944 83rd ID Overlay & 330th IR Overly

Having finished up the 5 July Divisional overlay, it occurred to me I had two overlays dated 5 July, 2400; a divisional overlay and a 330th IR overlay.  Why not put them together? After all that is what geo-referencing these overlays is all about: re-visualizing the data. And it is essentially effortless. Well, mostly. I see for a better combination map, I should probably take out the reference crosses; just to un-clutter the map.  Since I hadn’t thought about doing that, my files aren’t set up to do that quickly.  Maybe I’ll go back and redo my files, but for sure I’ll do the future ones so I can easily remove the reference points if I want to.

A Combination of the 5 July Divisional Overlay with the 5 July 330th IR Overlay

A Combination of the 5 July Divisional Overlay with the 5 July 330th IR Overlay

330th Infantry Regiment, 83rd Infantry Division, 5 July, 2400

The first post is going to be a map overlay of the 330th Infantry Regiment (IR), 83rd Infantry Division (ID) at 2400 on July 5th, 1944.

The division had gone into combat on the 4th of July and it had gone very badly for many, and it seems to me the shock of first combat is reflected by the confused and incomplete (often just plain missing) reports for that day and the next.  Even this one for 2400, 5 July—reporting the situation after the  action of 5 July—is not very informative.  It looks very much like someone doing it for the first time.

Remember the regiments made these overlays from overlays sent up by the companies through the battalions, and a common theme throughout the war was regiment harassing battalion to get the companies to send up the overlays.  Imagine it from the company’s point of view though:  someone keeps shooting  at you; you’re just trying to keep it all together; and the brass wants some paper tracings.  It seems obvious that for the first couple of days it often just didn’t happen.

At least in the 330 IR it got better quickly.  But for today, here is the first one.

July-5_2400

There is a simple campaign map here to help you orient yourself (I hope).