Tag Archives: 83rd Infantry Division

E Company 330th IR HQ Positions During Normandy Campaign July 1944

I recently had a very nice note from someone whose father was in E Co 330 IR during July and August, 1944.  So I thought, I don’t necessarily have to go from A to M, 329 to 331.  So here is E Co. 330 IR, July, 1944.

I had an pleasantly different problem here with E Co. 330 IR. Whoever was doing the Morning Reports took full and ample advantage of the Record of Events.  I had trouble making it all fit without cluttering up the map.  Not sure I succeeded, but you have to appreciate the recorder’s willingness to take the time to do good Records of Events.

I only have doubts about a couple of entries.  14 July says they “marched 2 miles toward the front-line”, but then the night’s position is neither 2 miles away nor necessarily toward the front, at least not what we might think of as the front with our vision of the operation.  But doesn’t mean they didn’t move toward the fighting.  Later with all the companies mapped out, maybe it will make more sense.

Then for 19 July, the report says “moved back one (1) mile”, and while it really was an actual good mile, it wasn’t “back” by our perspective, but forward; which might explain why they were disappointed to be receiving more artillery fire instead of less.

By the way, anyone can feel free to point out typos, misspellings, etc. Such thing’s never have been a strong point.

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1945

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1944

Position of 1 Bn, 330 IR from 28 July to 31 July, 1944, around le Lorey

I had someone interested in seeing just when, what units of the 83 ID were where, around le Lorey. This seemed like an interesting way to look at things.  Once I had it done though, I thought that a day by day visualization would be less busy, easier to follow; but then I thought again, what was wanted, was to see where everything was around a certain point and what I had worked well for that. An operations view could be done later, once I have all the companies mapped out individually.

We are dealing with the 1 Bn, 330 IR here, on the days 28-31 July, around le Lorey. This is the ending of the Normandy campaign for these guys and they are being blessed with rest, hot food and recuperation.

I had trouble only with D Co coordinates for 28 July. The report used the same coordinates as the days before, up to the north-west of Remilly-Sur-Lozon; but it specifically said in the location field for 28 July, that they were “2 mi S Remilly-Sur-Lozon”; and in the Action Report for the 28th it is stated they advanced a good 5 miles; and in the Action Report for the 29th, it is said they remained “in defensive position”, no mention of any movement. So, I have assumed the recorder made the mistake of putting the position at beginning-of-day instead of at end-of-day for the 28th and have placed the 28th where the 29th was reported. I think that’s a pretty good guess. 

Position of 1 BN, 330 IR, around le Lorey, France from 28-31 July, 1044

Position of 1 BN, 330 IR, around le Lorey, France from 28-31 July, 1044

15 July, 1944, 16:00 1st & 3rd Bn Progress against Remily-sur-Lozon

So now we come to the final overlay in my possession.  We saw the objectives for the day for the 1st and 3rd Bn, 330 IR, July 15th.  Here we have progress as of 16:00.

I thought with this nice display of company positions this overlay deserved a zoom-in. So I cropped the full overlay and included it below the first.

15-July_1bn-3bn_Progress_a

July 15, 1944, 16:00 Progress of 1st & 3 Bn against Remily-sur-Lozon

15-July_1bn-3bn_Progress_b

July 15, 1944, 16:00 Progress of 1st & 3 Bn against Remily-sur-Lozon

15 July 1944, 330 Infantry Regiment, Objectives for 1st and 3rd Battalions

Ya, I know, big delays.  Sorry. We’ve been on the move again and with threats of having to move the big tent. Fortunately, for now, the big tent stays put, otherwise I’d be out of touch for a lot longer.

Here we have the first of two overlays for 15 July.  I had thought this one was the last, but I see that there is one more that I had thought was just a detail from this one, but I see it has new information, so we’ll be doing it as well.

This covers the day’s objectives for 1st and 3rd battalions; 2nd is detached and back around Sainteny. The 33o IR has been attached to 9 ID.  We can see this was what was being set up on 14 July. We are a good deal to the south and east, essentially swinging around to the rear of the le Port–le Isle / Tribehou causeway; good news for the 330th. As you can see, we are way off the map again; but all 330 IR information is on-map, so I think I’ll leave it be. Really, guys, the work it takes to geo-reference another sheet and, more importantly, stitch it to this one, isn’t worth our immediate needs.

Now, having circumvented one marsh, the 1st & 3rd Bns, 330 IR, had to cross another—thankfully smaller—along the le Lozon river, attacking toward Remilly-Sur-Lozon on one of those peninsulas formed by the flooded wet lands of Normandy. The circular areas labeled P, Q, O, S, & T are 330 Bn objectives with R1 being the immediate objective for 3 Bn and R1 for 1 Bn. The 60th IR, 9 ID, would be on their left with objectives being M, H, & N.

To orient yourself, Tribehou, which we’ve seen before being in the lower right-hand corner of some of the overlays, is now in the upper right-hand corner of this one. La Varde, which we’ve also mentioned before, is in the upper left-hand corner. Remilly-sur-Lozon is more or less right in the middle, inside the “O” objective.

15 July 1944, 330 IR, 1 & 3 Bns Objectives

15 July 1944, 330 Infantry Regiment, Objectives for 1st and 3rd Battalions

14 July, 330 IR Near Sainteny

This single overlay for 14 July shows the 330 IR pulled back but in a defensive set up to the north-east of Sainteny; very much in line with what we saw with the last two overlays for 13 July. As the regimental journal says for this overlay, “Defense areas to use in an emergency.”

We also get a position for the 329 IR HQ, the 330 IR HQ, as well the 1 Bn, 329 IR HQ.  Though the positioning of these HQ’s seem strange to me.  We’ll see, if I ever get around to integrating the information from the Unit Journals.

If you are having trouble orienting yourself, le Port is toward the lower right corner, Sainteny to the left about 1/3 of the way down from the top, Culot is at the top, left, mostly off the map and Hottot toward the top about 2/3 of the way from the left.

14 July 1944, 330 IR Near Sainteny

14 July 1944, 330 IR, 83 ID near Sainteny

13 July 2100, 3Bn 330 IR, Moves into Position in Rear between Sainteny, Culot, and Hottot

By evening of 13 July 3rd Bn, 330 IR has moved back behind the line, closer to 2nd Bn, close to Sainteny. We are actually given the very precise positions of I Co., K Co., and M Co.; nice.  I believe this is the last of the overlays for 13 July.

13 July 2100 330 IR 3Bn Pull Back

Evening of 13 July 3rd Bn, 330 IR Pulls back to between Sainteny, Culot, and Hottot.

13 July 2000, 2Bn 330 IR, Moves into Reserve near Sainteny

Another 13 July overlay.  This is fairly straight forward.  2 Bn, 330 IR moves back into reserve between Sainteny and Culot.  It will be left behind as the rest of 330 IR moves toward les Champs-de-Losque, to the right of 1 Bn, 60 IR, 9 ID.

 

13 July 1900 2Bn Move to Reserve near Sainteny

13 July 1900 2Bn Move to Reserve near Sainteny

13 July 1700, 1Bn 330 IR, Definition of New Positions Near les-Champs-de-Losque

This third to last overlay for 13 July suddenly jumps further south and east.  So we are off the map.  If this continues I’ll have to dig up the map sheets to the east of what I’ve got; if not, I’ll just let it go since the 83 ID related information on this overlay is still on the map. This overlay was the one that made me realize that the date given for Journal entry wasn’t necessarily the date of the situation as drawn on the overlay.  What has become obvious is a person making a journal entry is, in a way, creating a narrative.  So if an overlay from the day before furthers that narrative then it is included.  The problem is when the only date on the overlay is a journal date.  Then we’ll have to depend on the sequence and information in the reports to establish the date, or just guess. I also see now I could use the information from the journal to illustrate each day in a single post including the “n0n-overlay” information to better explain the overlays.  I might just do that once I finish all the overlays I have (just a few more now, actually).

So, here we have an overlay drawn up to show the position of  1 Bn, 9 ID near les-Champs-de-Losque.  It could very well have been drawn up in the 14 July since its purpose is to establish where the right flank is for 13 July. The right flank position is needed so 330 IR, minus 2 Bn, can move there on 14 July; being attached to 9 ID for a couple of days. What you notice is this maneuver should save them from having to make an assault across the Taute river march using the le-Port to Tribehou causeway. The progress of 9 ID has essentially outflanked the German positions there.

13 July 1900 1Bn Move to North of los Champs-de-Losque

13 July 1900 1Bn Move to North of los Champs-de-Losque

12 July 1944 330 IR Plans for the day & then with intelligence?

Right.  It’s been awhile.  I have 2 overlays, the last 2, from 12 July 1944. They are related on each other, but which is the original and which is the continuation, I’m not sure.  Only one is marked as part of the Journal. And there are things on the first that aren’t on the second (the order being as they appear in this blog), and I wasn’t aware these things could be erased.

Still, very interesting stuff. We have the 3 Bn patrol area we saw before, but now we have 1 Bn and 2 Bn planed advances and in the second overlay the expected resistance.  Doesn’t get much better than that in terms of amount of information supplied. These probably shouldn’t have come at the end of the 12 July series, but for now here they are.

 

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

 

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 1

12 July 1044, 330 IR, Action Plan of the day version 2

12 July 1944 330 IR 3 Bn Patrolling

Still on July 12th.  Because of some confusion about the next overlay I was set to do I had to go back into the 330 IR journal document and found this little gem that I guess I had previously considered to be to unimportant to include, or that that I just missed.  As an lonely overlay, all my itself, it is pretty unimpressive.  Some almost illegible text and some squiggles. But of course in the context of the map and the other overlays it gains it’s due significants.  Since it is now out of order and seemed rather fast to do, and since I haven’t been doing much lately, I thought I’d get it down and out today.

This should have been the first overlay for July 12.  It is informing that these are the areas patrolled before 5am and that there were no Germans in the three areas patrolled.  Based on the other overlays for the day, I’m thinking this was done by 3 Bn units.

We are basically in the same area we’ve been in for the last half dozen overlays.  You’ll noticed one of the areas patrolled includes St-Andre-de-Bohon and le Port is visible.

12 July 1944: 330 IR, Probably 3 Bn early morning patrol activities

12 July 1944: 330 IR, Probably 3 Bn early morning patrol activities