Tag Archives: WWII

E Company 330th IR HQ Positions During Normandy Campaign July 1944

I recently had a very nice note from someone whose father was in E Co 330 IR during July and August, 1944.  So I thought, I don’t necessarily have to go from A to M, 329 to 331.  So here is E Co. 330 IR, July, 1944.

I had an pleasantly different problem here with E Co. 330 IR. Whoever was doing the Morning Reports took full and ample advantage of the Record of Events.  I had trouble making it all fit without cluttering up the map.  Not sure I succeeded, but you have to appreciate the recorder’s willingness to take the time to do good Records of Events.

I only have doubts about a couple of entries.  14 July says they “marched 2 miles toward the front-line”, but then the night’s position is neither 2 miles away nor necessarily toward the front, at least not what we might think of as the front with our vision of the operation.  But doesn’t mean they didn’t move toward the fighting.  Later with all the companies mapped out, maybe it will make more sense.

Then for 19 July, the report says “moved back one (1) mile”, and while it really was an actual good mile, it wasn’t “back” by our perspective, but forward; which might explain why they were disappointed to be receiving more artillery fire instead of less.

By the way, anyone can feel free to point out typos, misspellings, etc. Such thing’s never have been a strong point.

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1945

E Co, 330 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1944

Position of 1 Bn, 330 IR from 28 July to 31 July, 1944, around le Lorey

I had someone interested in seeing just when, what units of the 83 ID were where, around le Lorey. This seemed like an interesting way to look at things.  Once I had it done though, I thought that a day by day visualization would be less busy, easier to follow; but then I thought again, what was wanted, was to see where everything was around a certain point and what I had worked well for that. An operations view could be done later, once I have all the companies mapped out individually.

We are dealing with the 1 Bn, 330 IR here, on the days 28-31 July, around le Lorey. This is the ending of the Normandy campaign for these guys and they are being blessed with rest, hot food and recuperation.

I had trouble only with D Co coordinates for 28 July. The report used the same coordinates as the days before, up to the north-west of Remilly-Sur-Lozon; but it specifically said in the location field for 28 July, that they were “2 mi S Remilly-Sur-Lozon”; and in the Action Report for the 28th it is stated they advanced a good 5 miles; and in the Action Report for the 29th, it is said they remained “in defensive position”, no mention of any movement. So, I have assumed the recorder made the mistake of putting the position at beginning-of-day instead of at end-of-day for the 28th and have placed the 28th where the 29th was reported. I think that’s a pretty good guess. 

Position of 1 BN, 330 IR, around le Lorey, France from 28-31 July, 1044

Position of 1 BN, 330 IR, around le Lorey, France from 28-31 July, 1044

A Company, 229th IR HQ Positions During Normandy Campaign

I finally got another company campaign map done.  I decided to go back to A Co, 329 IR and should follow along in order.  A Co, unfortunately doesn’t have much in the way of action reports, but we do get a good picture of their positions and moments. I have serious doubts about days 17 and 18 because the given coordinates puts A Co on the other side of highway 3, as it was called then, which I thought was in the 4 ID area by those dates.  But if the coordinates given were wrong, the author was insistent; using the coordinate for each day twice in the report. So I quite trying to figure out what might have happened and placed the points as given.

A Co, 320 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1945

A Co, 320 IR HQ positions during the Normandy campaign; Normandy, France; July 1945

15 July, 1944, 16:00 1st & 3rd Bn Progress against Remily-sur-Lozon

So now we come to the final overlay in my possession.  We saw the objectives for the day for the 1st and 3rd Bn, 330 IR, July 15th.  Here we have progress as of 16:00.

I thought with this nice display of company positions this overlay deserved a zoom-in. So I cropped the full overlay and included it below the first.

15-July_1bn-3bn_Progress_a

July 15, 1944, 16:00 Progress of 1st & 3 Bn against Remily-sur-Lozon

15-July_1bn-3bn_Progress_b

July 15, 1944, 16:00 Progress of 1st & 3 Bn against Remily-sur-Lozon

14 July, 330 IR Near Sainteny

This single overlay for 14 July shows the 330 IR pulled back but in a defensive set up to the north-east of Sainteny; very much in line with what we saw with the last two overlays for 13 July. As the regimental journal says for this overlay, “Defense areas to use in an emergency.”

We also get a position for the 329 IR HQ, the 330 IR HQ, as well the 1 Bn, 329 IR HQ.  Though the positioning of these HQ’s seem strange to me.  We’ll see, if I ever get around to integrating the information from the Unit Journals.

If you are having trouble orienting yourself, le Port is toward the lower right corner, Sainteny to the left about 1/3 of the way down from the top, Culot is at the top, left, mostly off the map and Hottot toward the top about 2/3 of the way from the left.

14 July 1944, 330 IR Near Sainteny

14 July 1944, 330 IR, 83 ID near Sainteny

13 July 2100, 3Bn 330 IR, Moves into Position in Rear between Sainteny, Culot, and Hottot

By evening of 13 July 3rd Bn, 330 IR has moved back behind the line, closer to 2nd Bn, close to Sainteny. We are actually given the very precise positions of I Co., K Co., and M Co.; nice.  I believe this is the last of the overlays for 13 July.

13 July 2100 330 IR 3Bn Pull Back

Evening of 13 July 3rd Bn, 330 IR Pulls back to between Sainteny, Culot, and Hottot.

13 July 2000, 2Bn 330 IR, Moves into Reserve near Sainteny

Another 13 July overlay.  This is fairly straight forward.  2 Bn, 330 IR moves back into reserve between Sainteny and Culot.  It will be left behind as the rest of 330 IR moves toward les Champs-de-Losque, to the right of 1 Bn, 60 IR, 9 ID.

 

13 July 1900 2Bn Move to Reserve near Sainteny

13 July 1900 2Bn Move to Reserve near Sainteny

13 July 1400 330 IR 01 Bn Position & State of Taute River Bridges

Another 13 July overlay.  This one some time around 1400.  I’m not sure because there are two times on the overlay.  I suspect one is the time made and the other the time received by S-3?  We get the positions of 01 Bn. companies A, B & C.  Nice!  A note about the state of the bridges over the Taute River and one of it’s tributaries and a comment about “flushing” the area.  I suppose flush us used here as when one is hunting: “to flush out”?

 

13 July 1400 1044, State of Bridges over Taute River in 1 Bn. 330 IR area.

13 July 1400 1044, State of Bridge over Taute River in 1 Bn. 330 IR area.

12 July 1944 330 IR 3 Bn Patrolling

Still on July 12th.  Because of some confusion about the next overlay I was set to do I had to go back into the 330 IR journal document and found this little gem that I guess I had previously considered to be to unimportant to include, or that that I just missed.  As an lonely overlay, all my itself, it is pretty unimpressive.  Some almost illegible text and some squiggles. But of course in the context of the map and the other overlays it gains it’s due significants.  Since it is now out of order and seemed rather fast to do, and since I haven’t been doing much lately, I thought I’d get it down and out today.

This should have been the first overlay for July 12.  It is informing that these are the areas patrolled before 5am and that there were no Germans in the three areas patrolled.  Based on the other overlays for the day, I’m thinking this was done by 3 Bn units.

We are basically in the same area we’ve been in for the last half dozen overlays.  You’ll noticed one of the areas patrolled includes St-Andre-de-Bohon and le Port is visible.

12 July 1944: 330 IR, Probably 3 Bn early morning patrol activities

12 July 1944: 330 IR, Probably 3 Bn early morning patrol activities

12 July, 12:00: 83rd Infantry Division Situation

The second overlay for 12 July 1944 is a 83rd ID situation map  for 12:00.  It seems to be drawn from the perspective of the 330th IR, or it was produced for the regiment, since it has the locations for the other two regiments but nothing for the 330th. Notice that the 22nd IR, 4th ID is a good 1000 yards out in front of the 83rd ID.

From my reading on the German side, that is what the Germans would look for, and then send a counter attack in through the gap.  Not sure it happened here, we’ll have to wait till I get through the reports.  I’m not sure what the Germans hoped to accomplish doing this though. Time after time they only gained an advantage for a few hours before being completely cut up themselves, accumulating losses they could not afford.  Seems they would have been better off being purely on the defensive; but that was definitely not the German way.

When I finished with this map, it was a bit eerie . It shows my father’s company, F, and we are approaching the day he was seriously wounded and shipped the the States.  I  knew it was to the south-southwest of Sainteny, which of course he never knew; but I’ve yet to get it nailed down this close.

83rd Infantry Division Situation 12:00 12 July 1944 - less the 330th Infantry Regiment

83rd Infantry Division Situation 12:00 12 July 1944 – less the 330th Infantry Regiment